Simbody
3.6

(CAUTION: still under development) This is a Measure whose value at time t is the value that its source operand had at time tdelay for a specified delay. More...
Classes  
class  Implementation 
Public Member Functions  
Delay (Subsystem &sub, const Measure_< T > &source, Real delay)  
Create a Measure whose output is the same as the given source measure but delayed by a time delay. More...  
Delay &  setUseLinearInterpolationOnly (bool linearOnly) 
(Advanced) Restrict the Delay measure to use only linear interpolation to estimate delayed values. More...  
Delay &  setCanUseCurrentValue (bool canUseCurrentValue) 
(Advanced) Allow the Delay measure to refer to the current value when estimating the delayed value. More...  
Delay &  setSourceMeasure (const Measure_< T > &source) 
Replace the source measure. More...  
Delay &  setDelay (Real delay) 
Change the delay time. More...  
bool  getUseLinearInterpolationOnly () const 
Return the value of the "use linear interpolation only" flag. More...  
bool  getCanUseCurrentValue () const 
Return the value of the "can use current value" flag. More...  
const Measure_< T > &  getSourceMeasure () const 
Obtain a reference to the source Measure. More...  
Real  getDelay () const 
Get the amount of time by which this Measure is delaying its source Measure. More...  
Public Member Functions inherited from SimTK::Measure_< T >  
SimTK_MEASURE_HANDLE_PREAMBLE_ABSTRACT (Measure_, AbstractMeasure)  
This class is still abstract so we don't want it to allocate an Implementation object in its default constructor. More...  
const T &  getValue (const State &s, int derivOrder=0) const 
Retrieve the Value of this Measure or one of its time derivatives, assuming the supplied State has been realized to at least the required stage for the selected value or derivative, as reported by getDependsOnStage(). More...  
Measure_ &  setDefaultValue (const T &defaultValue) 
Change the default value associated with this Measure. More...  
const T &  getDefaultValue () const 
Obtain a reference to the default value associated with this Measure. More...  
SimTK_MEASURE_HANDLE_POSTSCRIPT (Measure_, AbstractMeasure)  
Public Member Functions inherited from SimTK::AbstractMeasure  
AbstractMeasure (Implementation *g=0)  
Provide an Implementation for this AbstractMeasure and bump its reference count. More...  
AbstractMeasure (Subsystem &, Implementation *g, const SetHandle &)  
Construct this handle with a given Implementation object (whose reference count will be bumped) and then let the given Subsystem adopt this Measure (which will again bump the Implementation's reference count, leaving us with two new handles). More...  
AbstractMeasure (const AbstractMeasure &)  
Shallow copy constructor copies the pointer from the source Implementation object and bumps its reference count. More...  
AbstractMeasure &  operator= (const AbstractMeasure &source) 
Shallow assignment operator results in this handle referencing the same Implementation object as does the source. More...  
~AbstractMeasure ()  
Destructor decrements the Implementation's reference count and deletes the object if the count goes to zero. More...  
AbstractMeasure &  shallowAssign (const AbstractMeasure &) 
Shallow assignment operator destructs the current Implementation object (meaning its reference count is decremented and the object actually deleted only if the count goes to zero), then copies the Implementation pointer from the source and bumps its reference count. More...  
AbstractMeasure &  deepAssign (const AbstractMeasure &source) 
Deep assignment clones the Implementation object pointed to by the source handle, so that this handle ends up pointing to a new Measure object similar to the original but not yet contained in any Subsystem. More...  
int  getNumTimeDerivatives () const 
Every Measure can produce a value, and some can provide one or more total derivatives with respect to time of that value. More...  
Stage  getDependsOnStage (int derivOrder=0) const 
At what Stage can we expect the value of this AbstractMeasure or one of its time derivatives to be available? Users of Measures will typically impose restrictions on the levels they will accept. More...  
bool  isSameMeasure (const AbstractMeasure &other) const 
There can be multiple handles on the same Measure. More...  
bool  isEmptyHandle () const 
bool  isInSubsystem () const 
Test whether this Measure object has been adopted by a Subsystem. More...  
const Subsystem &  getSubsystem () const 
Return a reference to the Subsystem that owns this Measure. More...  
MeasureIndex  getSubsystemMeasureIndex () const 
Return the MeasureIndex by which this Measure is known to the Subsystem that owns it. More...  
const Implementation &  getImpl () const 
Implementation &  updImpl () 
bool  hasImpl () const 
int  getRefCount () const 
(CAUTION: still under development) This is a Measure whose value at time t is the value that its source operand had at time tdelay for a specified delay.
For times prior to the start of a simulation this Measure behaves as though the source value had been constant at its initial value.
When the source Measure can provide a time derivative dvalue we use saved (t,value,dvalue) triples surrounding the required time to construct a cubic Hermite interpolant giving a thirdorder accurate estimate of the delayed value. Otherwise we use more data points to construct the cubic interpolant but the accuracy cannot be guaranteed. If there aren't enough data points, then linear interpolation is used instead. There is an option to force use of linear interpolation if you prefer.
In the case where the delayed time is within the current step, we would need the current source value in order to interpolate. We assume that is not available (commonly the current value depends on the delayed value) so have to extrapolate beyond the last buffered value in that case. Extrapolation is considerably less accurate than interpolation, so when step sizes are large compared to delay times the accuracy of the delayed value is reduced. In cases where the source does not depend on its delayed value, you can request that the current value be used if necessary, ensuring consistent accuracy. Alternatively, you can set the maximum integrator step size to be just less than the minimum delay time, guaranteeing that there will always be an entry already in the buffer that is later than any requested delayed time. That could have a substantial performance penalty if steps much larger than the delay would otherwise have been taken.
This Measure maintains a variablesized buffer holding values that the source measure and its time derivative (if available) had at each time step starting just prior to tdelay until just before the current time t. New values are added to the end of the buffer as integrator steps are completed, and old values that are no longer needed are removed from the beginning. When a value is requested at current time t, the Measure interpolates using values from just prior to tdelay and just afterwards to approximate the value at tdelay.

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Create a Measure whose output is the same as the given source measure but delayed by a time delay.

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(Advanced) Restrict the Delay measure to use only linear interpolation to estimate delayed values.
By default it uses cubic interpolation whenever possible. Cubic interpolation will almost always be better but can be unstable in some circumstances. Despite its name this flag also applies to extrapolation if we have to do any. This is a topological change.

inline 
(Advanced) Allow the Delay measure to refer to the current value when estimating the delayed value.
Normally we expect that the current value might depend on the delayed value so is not available at the time we ask for the delayed value. That means that if the delayed time is between the current time and the last saved time (that is, it is a time during the current integration step), the measure will have to extrapolate from the lastsaved values to avoid requiring the current value to be available. With this approach the "depends on" time for a Delay measure is just Time stage since it does not depend on any current calculations. However, extrapolation is much less accurate than interpolation so if you don't mind the "depends on" stage for a Delay measure being the same stage as for its source measure, then you can get nicer interpolated values. This is a topological change.

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Replace the source measure.
This is a topological change.

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Change the delay time.
This is a topological change.

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Return the value of the "use linear interpolation only" flag.

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Return the value of the "can use current value" flag.

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Obtain a reference to the source Measure.

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Get the amount of time by which this Measure is delaying its source Measure.